Carpet-making is a bright page in the artistic culture of the Moldavian people. The ideas of beauty and harmony are reflected in carpets as well as in other folk and creation. During the centuries different kinds of ornamental motifs and composition were selected for a better and pleasant vision of a carpet. The Moldavian carpet art has perennial roots. The technical processes, terminology and ornamental designs bear traces of various ethnic layers, as Thracian, Roman, Slav, Turkic and others. This think is limned in the terminology: wool, hemp - Latin origin, kilim, cherga, makat - Turkish origin.
The earliest Moldavian carpets refer to the end of the 18th century. The preceding period of carpet-making can be reconstructed only with the help of archeological findings, written documents and other sources. Documents of the 14th and the 15th centuries mention the fact of existence in Moldova of fulleries, spinning and weaving mills owned by boyars and rich peasants. Carpets (kovor, kilim), floor rugs and bed covers (charge, makat, laicher) are mentioned in grants and dowry inventories of the 15th and 16th centuries. In Moldavian folklore a beautiful carpet was the symbol of diligence and mastery of a woman. Carpets were carefully cherished and inherited by people.
The raw material used in Moldavian carpet-making was of local origin. Wool and hemp processing, also threads spinning and dyeing were made in domestic conditions. For the carpets to be more durable the warp were spun of long threads. Yarn dyeing was one of the most complicated processes in carpet-making. Natural self-made dyes were applied for that purpose. Carpet-makers used to obtain dye-stuffs from leaves, flowers, tree bark and plant roots boiled in water, and also from some minerals. Various plants could yield one and the same color, and it was possible to achieve several tints out of one plant. Age-along traditions and ways of yarn-dyeing using local stuffs promoted the appearance of mild harmony of colors, typical of old Moldavian carpets.